Four Layered PCB Manufacturing Process (16 Steps) Printed circuit boards form the core of the design of electronic circuits and devices. These circuit boards help route the electrical signals through the electronic environment of the most commonly used devices. Here, in few simplest steps you will know complete manufacturing process of four layered PCB. This […]

## Transformer Core Optimization using Genetic Algorithm

(This project is Transformer Core Optimization using Genetic Algorithm. Reader can take a quick introduction of Genetic Algorithm) Magnetic Core Optimization using Genetic Algorithm (GA) Problem Statement: For the magnetic circuit shown, a coil with 487 turns is wound on the left leg of the c-core with 3 Amperes current supplied to it. Assuming the […]

## Introduction to Genetic Algorithm (GA)

Genetic Algorithm (GA) Genetic Algorithm has turned out to be excellent optimization tool. It does not require an exact mathematical model of the physical system. Furthermore, speed and robustness are prominent properties of this scheme. The proposed design strategy for optimizing the transformer core parameters is based on GA. It is a stochastic search algorithm […]

## Mathematics Matrix Manipulation in MATLAB

This article is simplest guide for matrix manipulation in MATLAB which a programmer need for a regular work. Everything is treated as a matrix in MATLAB. Ex- a=1; which is a scalar means a matrix of one row and one column which contains the element ‘1’. You can read this in article an introduction to MATLAB Matrix […]

## HOW TO MANIPULATE GRAPHS IN MATLAB

Basics of Plotting Graphs in MATLAB In this article we will see that how commands like plot, stem, subplot, xlabel, ylabel, title, plot, stem, subplot, axis, plot3, colour, linewidth, hold and legend are used in Plotting graphs in MATLAB. ( if you are new to MATLAB, first check this article to learn basics of MATLAB) Introduction to […]

## Filter Inductor Design

Design Calculations for Filter Inductor Design Calculations for filter inductor of ferrite core will be explained here. These inductors are common and essential part of power electronic converter circuits. Main objective of inductor in converter circuits is to eliminate unnecessary harmonics in circuit to get smooth output. As in power electronic devices switching is very […]

## ARDUINO UNO TIMER AND INTERRUPTS

Arduino indeed is a magical thing for a lot of people owing to the amazing and extraordinary thing this little board can do. Just when we believe we have figured all of its secrets we discover something new and today we are going to learn Arduino Uno Timer Interrupts. The Timer is nothing but a […]