In previous article, we derived a formula for turns per volts of transformer winding for transformer design. That formula has core area involved in it. Now, we are going to derive a formula for transformer design turns per volts according to transformer ratings and depending upon type of transformer and magnetic flux required. (In transformer […]

## Optical Mark Recognition using MATLAB

Optical Marking Recognition (OMR) Optical Marking Recognition using MATLAB Software is for marking tests or extract data from documents such as survey. This software obtained marked data from specific sheet designed for this, called as OMR sheet. Basically, this recognition software falls in category of image processing. We are going to write our own code […]

## Turns per Volts Derivation Transformer Design

Derivation of Formula for Calculation of Turns per Volts of Transformer Design For designing a transformer, we need certain number of turns on each side for a specific rating transformer. Voltages on each side have direct relation with number of turns. So, we are interested in finding voltage per turn and for designing, turns per voltage. […]

## Cruise Control using Fuzzy MATLAB tool

Fuzzy Logic: Designing a controller for non-linear systems is difficult. For conventional controller design we require mathematical model and higher order differential equations. Some times we linearize mathematical model and design controller for system by applying well developed techniques for solving linear equations. But, as we know that real life […]

## Basics of GSM Module

If you just started your work on GSM modules and you have no idea where to start then this article is right for you. I will give you step by step details on the basics of GSM modules. But first of all I should build your interest to work on GSM modules. Here are some […]

## Smart Energy Meter using Atmel AVR Microcontrollers

What is Smart Energy Meter? A smart energy meter is device which can calculate the energy consumption and send it to energy provider. It must be compact, cost effective and able to communicate data by itself with the power control center. I designed a smart energy meter through an ATmega8 microcontroller with following specifications: Compact […]