Derivation of Formula for Calculation of Turns per Volts of Transformer Design For designing a transformer, we need certain number of turns on each side for a specific rating transformer. Voltages on each side have direct relation with number of turns. So, we are interested in finding voltage per turn and for designing, turns per voltage. […]

## Cruise Control using Fuzzy MATLAB tool

Fuzzy Logic: Designing a controller for non-linear systems is difficult. For conventional controller design we require mathematical model and higher order differential equations. Some times we linearize mathematical model and design controller for system by applying well developed techniques for solving linear equations. But, as we know that real life […]

## Basics of GSM Module

If you just started your work on GSM modules and you have no idea where to start then this article is right for you. I will give you step by step details on the basics of GSM modules. But first of all I should build your interest to work on GSM modules. Here are some […]

## Smart Energy Meter using Atmel AVR Microcontrollers

What is Smart Energy Meter? A smart energy meter is device which can calculate the energy consumption and send it to energy provider. It must be compact, cost effective and able to communicate data by itself with the power control center. I designed a smart energy meter through an ATmega8 microcontroller with following specifications: Compact […]

## 3 Phase Voltage Measurement using Atmel AVR Microcontrollers

3 Phase voltage measurement is a little bit tricky task. I will start from the basics and give you details step by step. Let’s start with the basics of 3 – Phase voltage. Specification of this Project: Measure voltage of each phase Measure angle of each phase Gives Line to Line voltage as well All […]

## What is the meaning of Home Automation

The word Home Automation has two parts i.e. Home and Automation. Home where one lives and automation originates from the word automatic i.e. to make things automatic. As an engineer we come across two types of automation: Home Automation Industrial Automation First we will take a fast look on industrial automation and then we will […]